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Hauts Grades

Ordre d'Eri. Irlande 1757 - USA 1858

13 Août 2008 Publié dans #hauts grades

Q - By what names has Ireland been known in ancient times .


A - It was first called "Inis na bford biode", which means "Island of the

Wood", from the fact that the Island was found covered with trees by Ninus,

son of Belus, when he visited it in 2000 B.C. 


Second, it was called "Greerigh na vernngha", which means "The End of

Nations", for it was the most western isle of the then known world. 


Third, "Innis Alga", "Noble Island", at the time it was conquered by



Fourth, "ERIE", so named after Queen Erie. 


Fifth, "Fodhla", after Queen Fodhla, the most beautiful, patriotic and

virtuous of Irish women. 


Sixth, "Bamber", after Queen Bamber. The above named three Queens were

of the noble race of Tuatha de Danann who conquered the Firbolgs and ruled

Ireland for 197 years; from Erie, the most celebrated of these three Queens,

we derive "ERIN", in the Sanscrit "Iran", and it means "Sacred Land." 


Seventh, "Innisfail", "Island of Destiny." From this was derived "Liafail",

"Stone of Destiny" on which the Irish Kings were 



Eighth, "Muie-inis", "Island of Fogs", which fogs were said to be brought

about by the Magic of the Tuatha de Danann,  when the Sons of Melisius were about to land on the Island. 


Ninth, "Scotia", after "Scota", the mother of Heber. 


Tenth, "Hebernian", "Island of Heber". 


Eleventh, "Ireland", "Island of Eire". 


Twelfth, "Island of Saints". 


Thirteenth, "The Emerald Isle", on account of its verdure. 


Fourteenth, "Ogygia", "Old Land" or "Ocean Land" so called by Plutarch

(See "Ogygia, or an account of Irish events", etc., by Rev. J.Healy, 1790,

and "Ogygia", by O'Connor, 1775).


Fifteenth, "Island of the Sun", or "Sun Worshippers". 


Sixteenth, "Land of Gold". It may be noted that a large quantity of golden

ornaments have been found in the ruins and graves.


Seventeenth, "Ogugia", "The New and Pleasant country". ...

Q - Describe the origin of Knighthood in Ireland.


A - King Erminius or Ruid Ruide of Ullard, or Ulster, having reigned 45

years, called together the Princes and Nobles of the  land to meet him in a

special chamber called Aodmagromaca. The King also directed that those of

their sons who "had put on the mantle", that is, who were 18 years of age,

should attend with their Sires. These youths were formed in a circle round

the chamber of deliberation. When all were assembled with  due ceremony,

the King arose, and said, "What, if my sons chose out from among your

sons, each nine youths to be companions of their steps through the rugged

and uneven ways of life", and all the Princes and Nobles struck on their

white shields and cried, "Eri."  Then the King's sons went forth, and each

chose nine noble youths, whom the King at once created Knights, calling

them by his own family name of Ruid Ruide, and from this Order sprung the

other orders of Knighthood in Ireland. The King directed each of the new

made Knights to select nine youths as Esquires, and these in turn were

directed to select from their Clansmen, each nine followers, whom we now

term Men-at-Arms, and who were in time of war, placed in command of

small squads of the common soldiers or Gallowgasses. Thus:

Each Man-at-Arms would command 9 Gallowgasses.

Each Esquire, a company of 81 foot and 9 horsemen.

Each Knight, a battalion of 820 of all ranks.

Each Grand Cross, a brigade of 7380 men.

And the whole army would number 66,420 of all ranks.


Q - How many Orders of Knighthood existed in Ireland in ancient times .


A - Five


  Knights of the Ruid Ruide

  Knights of the Red Branch (Ulster)

  Knights of the Collar of Gold (Neagh Nase)

  Knights of the Golden Sword

  Knights of the Royal Order of Eri. ..


Q - Have any traces of Freemasonry been observed amongst the 

ancient Irish .


A - Yes, King Teuthal instituted Lodges of Architects with a peculiar

ceremonial derived from the Druids, one of whom was a member of each

Lodge, which was presided over by an Ollam Architect, whilst the ordinary

members occupied a position similar to the modern Fellow Craft Mason, and

in regard to whom all other Artizans were considered as Apprentices, who

could only attain to membership in the Architects Lodges, by having proved

themselves to be good men and true, and proficient in their Craft.


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