Ordre d'Eri. Irlande 1757 - USA 1858
Q - By what names has Ireland been known in ancient times .
A - It was first called "Inis na bford biode", which means "Island of the
Wood", from the fact that the Island was found covered with trees by Ninus,
son of Belus, when he visited it in 2000 B.C.
Second, it was called "Greerigh na vernngha", which means "The End of
Nations", for it was the most western isle of the then known world.
Third, "Innis Alga", "Noble Island", at the time it was conquered by
Fourth, "ERIE", so named after Queen Erie.
Fifth, "Fodhla", after Queen Fodhla, the most beautiful, patriotic and
virtuous of Irish women.
Sixth, "Bamber", after Queen Bamber. The above named three Queens were
of the noble race of Tuatha de Danann who conquered the Firbolgs and ruled
Ireland for 197 years; from Erie, the most celebrated of these three Queens,
we derive "ERIN", in the Sanscrit "Iran", and it means "Sacred Land."
Seventh, "Innisfail", "Island of Destiny." From this was derived "Liafail",
"Stone of Destiny" on which the Irish Kings were
Eighth, "Muie-inis", "Island of Fogs", which fogs were said to be brought
about by the Magic of the Tuatha de Danann, when the Sons of Melisius were about to land on the Island.
Ninth, "Scotia", after "Scota", the mother of Heber.
Tenth, "Hebernian", "Island of Heber".
Eleventh, "Ireland", "Island of Eire".
Twelfth, "Island of Saints".
Thirteenth, "The Emerald Isle", on account of its verdure.
Fourteenth, "Ogygia", "Old Land" or "Ocean Land" so called by Plutarch
(See "Ogygia, or an account of Irish events", etc., by Rev. J.Healy, 1790,
and "Ogygia", by O'Connor, 1775).
Fifteenth, "Island of the Sun", or "Sun Worshippers".
Sixteenth, "Land of Gold". It may be noted that a large quantity of golden
ornaments have been found in the ruins and graves.
Seventeenth, "Ogugia", "The New and Pleasant country". ...
Q - Describe the origin of Knighthood in Ireland.
A - King Erminius or Ruid Ruide of Ullard, or Ulster, having reigned 45
years, called together the Princes and Nobles of the land to meet him in a
special chamber called Aodmagromaca. The King also directed that those of
their sons who "had put on the mantle", that is, who were 18 years of age,
should attend with their Sires. These youths were formed in a circle round
the chamber of deliberation. When all were assembled with due ceremony,
the King arose, and said, "What, if my sons chose out from among your
sons, each nine youths to be companions of their steps through the rugged
and uneven ways of life", and all the Princes and Nobles struck on their
white shields and cried, "Eri." Then the King's sons went forth, and each
chose nine noble youths, whom the King at once created Knights, calling
them by his own family name of Ruid Ruide, and from this Order sprung the
other orders of Knighthood in Ireland. The King directed each of the new
made Knights to select nine youths as Esquires, and these in turn were
directed to select from their Clansmen, each nine followers, whom we now
term Men-at-Arms, and who were in time of war, placed in command of
small squads of the common soldiers or Gallowgasses. Thus:
Each Man-at-Arms would command 9 Gallowgasses.
Each Esquire, a company of 81 foot and 9 horsemen.
Each Knight, a battalion of 820 of all ranks.
Each Grand Cross, a brigade of 7380 men.
And the whole army would number 66,420 of all ranks.
Q - How many Orders of Knighthood existed in Ireland in ancient times .
A - Five
Knights of the Ruid Ruide
Knights of the Red Branch (Ulster)
Knights of the Collar of Gold (Neagh Nase)
Knights of the Golden Sword
Knights of the Royal Order of Eri. ..
Q - Have any traces of Freemasonry been observed amongst the
ancient Irish .
A - Yes, King Teuthal instituted Lodges of Architects with a peculiar
ceremonial derived from the Druids, one of whom was a member of each
Lodge, which was presided over by an Ollam Architect, whilst the ordinary
members occupied a position similar to the modern Fellow Craft Mason, and
in regard to whom all other Artizans were considered as Apprentices, who
could only attain to membership in the Architects Lodges, by having proved
themselves to be good men and true, and proficient in their Craft.